Telehealth available in Idaho, Utah, and Oregon. Covered by most major insurances.

Anorexia During Pregnancy: A Huge Cause For Concern

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia During Pregnancy: A Huge Cause For Concern

 

There are many mental health disorders, and some are more common than others. But if there's one criminally under-investigated mental health disorder, it would be anorexia, especially among pregnant women.

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight, often leading to starvation or over-exercising. People with anorexia tend to feel fatter than they really are. In short, their weight is often below the average BMI. Still, they perceive themselves to be overweight and therefore cut down on their calories further.

Sadly, anorexia is more common among women than men. Women get pregnant and require to eat more because of the baby in them. This becomes a problem for expectant mothers with an eating disorder.

According to a new study, Pregnant women with anorexia are at greater risk of stillbirth, underweight babies, and preterm births, yet, there are no explicit guidelines on how they should manage the disorder.

Perhaps, this is because managing anorexia among pregnant women requires more than just mental health care but a multidisciplinary approach.

It goes beyond moods alone, and it goes beyond just pregnancy alone.

Thankfully, the researchers have gone on to develop a multidisciplinary approach to managing anorexia during pregnancy. This approach would involve specialists in mental health, obstetric (care of women during pregnancy), medical, and nutritional care. The recommendations were published in The Lancet Psychiatry.

 

A 2020 study discovered that pregnant women with anorexia nervosa had 1.32 times the risk of preterm birth, 1.69 the risk of an underweight baby, and 1.99 times the risk of stillbirth compared to women without the eating disorder.

 

Are There No Guidelines on Managing Anorexia?

Of course, there are! Anorexia nervosa isn't new, and many studies have been carried out on it over the years. But unlike mood disorders and depression, highly limited guidance is available for eating disorders among pregnant women.

And that's quite unfortunate because, like depression, inadequate nutrition can hurt the unborn child as much as the mother. And this has led to countless stillbirths and preterm.

Available guidelines for anorexia, such as the Eating Disorder Inventory and reliance on body mass index, are ineffective when used among pregnant women.

Therefore, these available tools require modifications that focus on pregnancy.

 

Addressing the Challenge from the Root

According to the researchers, anorexia nervosa affects pregnancy outcomes from many angles, including:

When anorexia goes untreated during pregnancy, it puts the woman at an increased risk of postpartum depression and anxiety. It's more or less a downward spiral.

 

Mental health experts, dietitians, pediatricians, physicians, and obstetricians all have a role in helping pregnant women with anorexia and their unborn babies. So many lives could be saved.

Author
Satu H. Woodland, PMHCNS-BC, APRN Satu H. Woodland, PMHCNS-BC, APRN Satu Woodland is owner and clinician of Hope Mental Health, an integrative mental health practice located at Bown Crossing in Boise, Idaho. She sees children, adolescents, and adults.  Ms. Woodland with her background in nursing, prefers a holistic and integrative approach to mental health care that addresses the mind and body together. While Ms. Woodland provides medication management services in all her patients, she believes in long-lasting solutions that include a number of psychotherapies, namely cognitive behavioral therapy, exposure and response prevention therapy, attention to lifestyle, evidenced based alternative psychiatric care and spirituality. If you’d like to gain control over your mental health issues, call Hope Mental Health at 208-918-0958, or use the online scheduling tool to set up an initial consultation.

You Might Also Enjoy...

PTSD and alcohol use disorder: breaking the link

There is a link between PTSD and alcohol addiction. While some patients depend on alcohol to soothe their traumatic memories, there is a protein in the brain that plays a role in both mental disorders.

Babies with low birth weight at risk of mental health problems

A recent study has found that babies with low birth weights are more at risk of developing mental disorders like depression and anxiety in their childhood and teenage years. On the other hand, babies with larger birth weights are less likely to develop a m

PTSD patients can benefit from Blue light therapy

Poor quality sleep usually inhibits the effectiveness of PTSD treatments. And when the treatment isn't effective, the symptoms (including anxiety) remain the same, contributing further to sleep problems. This leads to a vicious cycle. Blue light can help