new study brings good news for young people who have suffered a traumatic experience: Children and adolescents with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder can be successfully treated with just a few hours of therapy.

Researchers timed the therapy with a stop watch. They found that 2 hours and 20 minutes of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) or 3 hours and 47 minutes of Cognitive Behavioral Writing Therapy were enough to reduce posttraumatic stress reactions, anxiety, depression, and behavioral problems for children between 8 and 18 years old.

And the results were lasting: A year later the children were still doing well.

While previous research has shown similar results for adults with PTSD, this is the first time these therapies have been demonstrated to be effective for children.

PTSD is relatively easy to treat, but it’s important to start as soon after the traumatic event as possible. Though only about 16 percent or less of children who have experienced a traumatic event develop the disorder, they should all be carefully screened for it.

Here are some symptoms to watch for:

Read more about childhood and adolescent PTSD here.

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